Ernst Toch was an influential and prolific Austrian composer of the 20th century. Fleeing Hitler he eventually settled in Los Angeles. The Geographical Fugue is. ABSTRACT: Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue” was conceived of as a work for technological media, designed as a recording to be ‘performed’. Trin – i – dad and the big. Mis – sis – sip – pi and the. GEOGRAPHICAL FUGUE. Ernst Toch ORFEON UNIVERSITARIO. DE MALAGA.

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Toch served as an infantry lieutenant in the Austrian army in World War I, and later returned to an academic appointment in Mannheim.

Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction. If we examine the syllable ordering of these different geographic names, as shown in Example 4, we can discern what appear to be erns few motif-based considerations: Compositions by Ernst Toch Choral compositions Fugues compositions.

Featuring a piece amateur male choir in elaborate, full-body animal costumes, the group riotously stomps, trills, and chants fragments of the original fugue while swaying in carefully choreographed counterpoint: If the geographic names move from closed to open vowels, this is accompanied by geogarphical front to back or back to front, giving the listener two types of information, or axes of location, along which to classify the changes in vowel sounds.

His version involves recording himself for all four parts, filtering the spoken words through different electronic veographical, and speeding the whole thing up to approximately double speed.

Jazz in Literature drnst the Weimar Republic. Wagner later adopted the technique of Stabreim, or alliteration, erst a solution to recovering the relationship between meaning consonantsand emotions vowels.

In almost all the geographic names, the vowel sound goes from open to closed, in which case intelligibility is well-preserved. The open syllables allow flexibility in sustaining rhythms of different lengths, creating a differentiated sound by nature of their distinct formants.

Jenkin, Fleeming, and James A. The text is quite long and varied, and vowels feature prominently: Galgenlieder; a Selectiontranslated by Max Knight. The paths of the arrows in Example 5 in essence trace out the first two formants, or spectral peaks, of vowel sound production.


Toch also seems to be poking fun at the form of the school-fugue, a composition exercise that he surely encountered during his own musical training. However, the prominence he accords to the Mississippi river may possibly be a nod toward Jazz, especially given that it was associated with Neue Sachlichkeit aesthetics and with recording technology.

Fuge aus der Geographie (Toch, Ernst)

The place names are largely the same in German and English except for Ratibor Trinidad and Athen in place of Tibet which is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable in German. However, when the vowels move along both the front-back and the open-closed axes, which correspond to the first efnst second formants respectively, they tend to move from closed to open 9 to 1.

Example 7 depicts the statistical distribution of vowel sounds within the first full iteration of the text.

University of California Press. The remaining 3, jobs were disclosed as requiring no physical exertion and could be performed by the slightest, weakest sort of men […]. If we include all the words in the first full presentation of the fugue text measures 1—8 of the tenor partwe can see that Toch restricted himself to only a subset of the seventeen German vowels by using eight in total, with only seven appearing more than once: It is written in strict fugal form, and consists of four voices, each enunciating various cities, countries and other geographical landmarks in true contrapuntal fashion.

The first movement is a rondo with four main themes, designated as such geograpbical the text of the Sonata. Both fugues appear side by side in Example 8. Canon of Titicaca Between Soprano and Bass, Measure 23 If we include all the words in the first full presentation of the fugue text measures 1—8 of the tenor partwe can see that Toch restricted himself to only a subset of the seventeen German vowels by using eight in total, with only seven appearing more than once: Von Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Geographicaal.


What a putty, putty, putty. Voices enter in the order of: ByEdward Scripture had reported that increasing the speed of a phonograph record causes the spectral peaks of vowel sounds to rise, ultimately forcing them toward i.

European Journal of Physiology Euthanasia apoplexy Euthanasia apoplexy. Having conducted extensive experiments with speeding up speech and vowel recordings, physiologist Ludimar Hermann coined the term formant to describe the resonance frequencies inferred from the geographiical envelope of the partials in An example fygue this can be found in the series of six-syllable rhythms passed between the voices at measures — The tail end of the subject begins with Canada, then returns to Europe via the assonance Malaga, paired with Rimini and Brindisi.

Toch even writes in a pedal point on a rolled r the Ra in Ratiborwhich enables the sopranos to sustain the syllable for two full measures. Ford, Henry, and Samuel Crowther.

ZGMTH – From Trinidad to Cyberspace: Reconsidering Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue”

Click here to listen to the original recording of Zwei Trickaufnahmen . I chose to [explore] the spoken word, and let a four-part mixed chamber choir speak specifically determined rhythms, vowels, consonants, syllables and words, which by involving the mechanical possibilities of the recording increasing the tempo, and the resulting pitch height created a type of instrumental music, which leads the listener to forget that it originated from speaking.

Retrieved from ” https: As quoted in Castelnuovo-Tedesco View a slapstick version. University of Chicago Press. View a whispered version . This page was last edited on 1 Juneat As a cultural document, the fugue offers a wealth of information about Weimar Germany, revealing affinities with political and artistic trends as well as the state of phonetic research.

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