Gerald Dworkin, professor of philosophy at the University of California-Davis, examines John What is the difference between “pure” and “impure” paternalism?. Outline of Dworkin on Paternalism (in James White text). Paternalism = limitations on personal freedom or choice, done to benefit the person. GERALD DWORKIN. MORAL PATERNALISM. (Accepted 9 February ) is a distinction being drawn between a man’s physical good and his moral good?.

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The second is that nudging often works by harnessing defects in the thinking of those being nudged.

Weighing the Risks of Climate Change. Perhaps the person in fact consents but this is not known to the paternaliser. Her proposal is to use as the metric whether the act warrants patternalism same kind of normative reaction as the central case, i.

Academic Tools How to cite this entry. Gerald Dworkin University of California, Davis. Against your consent vs.


An AnthologyHoboken: But they seem to have a morally dubious character. In the Cafeteria example the students are aware that food has been placed at different levels of eyesight.

But in both cases it is the actual reasons which must be considered. Such programs have been shown to increase savings rates. It is not like the case where we prevent manufacturers from polluting the air. A teacher may be less than honest about telling a student that he has little philosophical ability. Perhaps people perceive a process dwogkin manipulative only if they already disapprove of it for other reasons.

Having seen the variety of ways of defining paternalism, and the various dimensions along which definitions differ, I want to explore this last definition in some detail.


If I act not knowing whether you consent or would consent or not, I act without your consent. Paternalism is the interference of a state or an individual with another person, against their will, and sworkin or motivated by a claim that the person interfered with will be better off or protected from harm.

Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. A father, skeptical about the financial pateernalism of a child, instead of bequeathing the money directly, gives it to paternaism child with instructions to use it in the best interests of the first child.

Defining Paternalism | gerald dworkin –

The question becomes under what, if any, circumstances, can the presumption be overcome? It does not allow consent to certain forms of assault to be a defense against prosecution for that assault. In pure paternalism the class being protected is identical with the class being interfered with, e. It is one of the most confirmed findings of empirical decision theory that subjects decisions are affected by different ways of presenting information.

Raphael Cohen-Almagor – – Philosophy 87 4: She believes that the traditional idea of testing these against our linguistic intuitions is plausible but she thinks that it also should involve our normative intuitions. Log In Sign Up. But any of these may be trumped byfor example, the fact that one is concerned with state coercion, and wants to draw the line on legitimacy between conduct that is regulated to protect others vs.

Antipaternalism and John Stuart Mill. Kultgen, John,Autonomy and Intervention: Relational Autonomy and the Social Dynamics of Paternalism.

Outline of Dworkin on Paternalism

paternzlism But in the first place no global judgment is being made that you are a bad person. Theory and PracticeCambridge: Paternalism in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Thaddeus Mason Pope – manuscript. Once the issue s has been identified then there may be constraints on the definition other than the normative ones stressed by Sheffrin. Reference to the welfare or interest of Y is no longer a necessary condition.


Whether manipulation must be intentional, whether it must be hidden, whether the motive of the manipulator matters, whether there has to be a gap between the way in which the influence causes behavior and the reasons which justify itwhether there has to be a manipulator if one is manipulated, all are contested in the literature see papers in Gedald and Weber dworjin Rawls, Theory of Justicee Any definition of a concept is subject to various criteria for a good definition in the context at hand.

In addition to trivial ones- —such as consistency—there will be a set of problems that the definition will used to daorkin or, if possible, resolve. We are getting them to read for the wrong reasons. Warning labels, default rules such as opt-out, providing caloric information on menus cannot count as manipulation without using such an expansive conception of manipulation as to deprive it of any use.

A hard paternalist says that, at least sometimes, gerale may be permissible to prevent him from crossing the bridge even if he knows of its condition.

There may be more than one reason for interfering with Y.

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