Kerala Mahatmyam, a great treatise on the History of Kerala, which is in Sanskrit containing more than stanzas and hundred chapter states that Vishnu. The Keralolpathi is a Malayalam work that deals with the origin of the land of Kerala. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu. “Keralotpathi and Kerala-mahatmyam” says C.A. Innes, “are late compilations of unknown origin and so full of inconsistencies, anachronisms and absurdities.

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Keralolpathi. The other theory relates to the ancient martial tradition of the Nairs.

However the corresponding date mentioned is such that the prophet kwrala not even born till more than a century later. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Kerala Mahatmyam @

Matriliny was, as per this theory, consequent upon the men purely being instruments of war rather than householders. Travancore, a dominion loyal to the British Raj, was relatively newer than the ancient houses that once warred over this slice of south-western India, set between the Arabian Sea and the tail-end of the Western Ghats.

Hindu texts Asian chronicles. The Keralolpathi covers the ancestry of the Namboodiri Brahmins and other castes of Kerala and is sometimes called the “Kerala Ulpathy”. Shungunny Menon, stated that:. One is mythological and based on a Malayalam treatise called Keralolpathi, as well as and a Sanskrit work called the Kerala Mahatmyam.

The marriage system itself was something that never ceased to fascinate visitors to Kerala.

Sign mahztmyam with Google. Sexual freedom was also remarkable so that while polygamy was happily recognised in other parts of India, in Kerala women were allowed polyandry.

Nair women could, if they wished, entertain more than one husband and, in the event of difficulties, were free to divorce without any social stigma. Retrieved from ” https: The Nairs, the principal matrilineal caste, were the descendants of these nymphs and their Brahmin overlords, tracing their lineages in the maternal line. Boys were sent off to train ierala military gymnasiums from the age of eight, and their sole mahatmuam thereafter was to master the art of warfare.


From Wikipedia, the free keralw. This page was last edited on 8 Decemberat While the “Kerala Mahatmayam” deals with the origin of Kerala and its people alone, the Keralolpathi gives a history of Kerala down to the modern age, including reference to the British in Kerala. Widowhood was no catastrophic disaster and they were effectively at par with men when it came to sexual rights, with complete autonomy over their bodies.

What Led to the End of Kerala’s Matrilineal Society?

Yet a ruthless ancestor and generations of shrewd management kersla its endurance, as well as its political and cultural currency. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachana 17th-century scholar of the Malabar region of India. Manu Pillai Manu Pillai is a writer oerala researcher. Among Nambutiri Brahmins only the eldest son was permitted to take a Brahmin wife and all other men had to seek sambandhams from the high-caste matrilineal communities.

For them death by any other means than at the end of a sword on the battlefield was a mortifying ignominy and in their constant zeal for military excellence and glorious bloodshed, they had no time to husband women or economic resources. Wikisource has original text related to this article: These refer to the creation of Kerala by the legendary hero Parasurama, who is supposed to have hurled his battle-axe mahatmjam Gokarna to Cape Comorin and claimed from the sea all the land in between.

William Loganwho was the author of the Malabar Manual also refutes the validity mahatkyam the Keralolpathi and describes it as:.

While the military tradition of the Nairs, famous for its suicide bands called chavers, was well known, this theory is also more circumstantial than absolute. So the onus of family and succession was taken care of by women, who formed large establishments and managed their affairs independently in the absence of men. Therefore, according to Shungunny Menon a native historian of TravancoreKerala one cannot place, in the Keralolpathi, the value of a historical source.


There are, however, two views on this that have been passed down within the region. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Some anthropologists regard Kerala’s system of matrilineal kinship as the continuation of a practice that at one time existed all over the world, while others contend that it was conceived due to some mysterious, compelling circumstances that replaced patriarchy at a historical point.

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Keralolpathi – Wikipedia

Likewise even the origins of most of the castes and clans of Kerala varies from the ancient Sanskrit Kerala Mahatmayam. Sreedhara Menon, page But as the scholar K. Instead he would visit a lady in her natal home every now and then, solely for sexual purposes, and the offspring would be her responsibility entirely.

He is then said to have awarded this new region conveniently to Brahmins, after which he summoned equally conveniently deva divinegandharva celestial kefalaand rakshasa demon women for the pleasure of these men. Besides, by the 18th century modified versions of the work started appearing, varying from kingdom to kingdom and region to region in Kerala.

The Ivory Throne is his first book. However the said king reigned between and AD.

Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P For instance it states that a certain Viceroy of Kerala went to Mecca and met the Islamic prophet Mohammed there. Historians doubt the reliability of this collection of legends as it contains many discrepancies. As Kerala was ushered into the modern era, closer to democracy and republicanism, the women of Travancore came to occupy a central role in its fortunes.

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